Our Services

We provide a wide range of legal and paralegal services in GCC & Middle East countries Europe & North Africa, and their neighboring regions through an extensive network of branch and representative offices.

Our long-standing business relationship with our associates allows us to deliver a truly global service. To discuss how we can help you, please send an email with your questions ( This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it ). Our team will ensure that your inquiry receives a prompt response.

Nice Classification (9th Edition)

International Classification of Goods and Services
for the Purposes of the Registration of Marks
established by the Nice Agreement
(9th Edition)
January 1, 2007



Class Heading


Chemicals used in industry, science and photography, as well as in agriculture, horticulture and forestry; unprocessed artificial resins, unprocessed plastics; manures; fire extinguishing compositions; tempering and soldering preparations; chemical substances for preserving foodstuffs; tanning substances; adhesives used in industry.


Paints, varnishes, lacquers; preservatives against rust and against deterioration of wood; colorants; mordants; raw natural resins; metals in foil and powder form for painters, decorators, printers and artists.


Bleaching preparations and other substances for laundry use; cleaning, polishing, scouring and abrasive preparations; soaps; perfumery, essential oils, cosmetics, hair lotions; dentifrices.


Industrial oils and greases; lubricants; dust absorbing, wetting and binding compositions; fuels (including motor spirit) and illuminants; candles and wicks for lighting.


Pharmaceutical and veterinary preparations; sanitary preparations for medical purposes; dietetic substances adapted for medical use, food for babies; plasters, materials for dressings; material for stopping teeth, dental wax; disinfectants; preparations for destroying vermin; fungicides, herbicides.


Common metals and their alloys; metal building materials; transportable buildings of metal; materials of metal for railway tracks; non-electric cables and wires of common metal; ironmongery, small items of metal hardware; pipes and tubes of metal; safes; goods of common metal not included in other classes; ores.


Machines and machine tools; motors and engines (except for land vehicles); machine coupling and transmission components (except for land vehicles); agricultural implements other than hand-operated; incubators for eggs.


Hand tools and implements (hand-operated); cutlery; side arms; razors.


Scientific, nautical, surveying, photographic, cinematographic, optical, weighing, measuring, signalling, checking (supervision), life-saving and teaching apparatus and instruments; apparatus and instruments for conducting, switching, transforming, accumulating, regulating or controlling electricity; apparatus for recording, transmission or reproduction of sound or images; magnetic data carriers, recording discs; automatic vending machines and mechanisms for coin-operated apparatus; cash registers, calculating machines, data processing equipment and computers; fire-extinguishing apparatus.


Surgical, medical, dental and veterinary apparatus and instruments, artificial limbs, eyes and teeth; orthopedic articles; suture materials.


Apparatus for lighting, heating, steam generating, cooking, refrigerating, drying, ventilating, water supply and sanitary purposes.


Vehicles; apparatus for locomotion by land, air or water.


Firearms; ammunition and projectiles; explosives; fireworks.


Precious metals and their alloys and goods in precious metals or coated therewith, not included in other classes; jewellery, precious stones; horological and chronometric instruments.


Musical instruments.


Paper, cardboard and goods made from these materials, not included in other classes; printed matter; bookbinding material; photographs; stationery; adhesives for stationery or household purposes; artists' materials; paint brushes; typewriters and office requisites (except furniture); instructional and teaching material (except apparatus); plastic materials for packaging (not included in other classes); printers' type; printing blocks.


Rubber, gutta-percha, gum, asbestos, mica and goods made from these materials and not included in other classes; plastics in extruded form for use in manufacture; packing, stopping and insulating materials; flexible pipes, not of metal.


Leather and imitations of leather, and goods made of these materials and not included in other classes; animal skins, hides; trunks and travelling bags; umbrellas, parasols and walking sticks; whips, harness and saddlery.


Building materials (non-metallic); non-metallic rigid pipes for building; asphalt, pitch and bitumen; non-metallic transportable buildings; monuments, not of metal.


Furniture, mirrors, picture frames; goods (not included in other classes) of wood, cork, reed, cane, wicker, horn, bone, ivory, whalebone, shell, amber, mother-of-pearl, meerschaum and substitutes for all these materials, or of plastics.


Household or kitchen utensils and containers; combs and sponges; brushes (except paint brushes); brush-making materials; articles for cleaning purposes; steelwool; unworked or semi-worked glass (except glass used in building); glassware, porcelain and earthenware not included in other classes.


Ropes, string, nets, tents, awnings, tarpaulins, sails, sacks and bags (not included in other classes); padding and stuffing materials (except of rubber or plastics); raw fibrous textile materials.


Yarns and threads, for textile use.


Textiles and textile goods, not included in other classes; bed and table covers.


Clothing, footwear, headgear.


Lace and embroidery, ribbons and braid; buttons, hooks and eyes, pins and needles; artificial flowers.


Carpets, rugs, mats and matting, linoleum and other materials for covering existing floors; wall hangings (non-textile).


Games and playthings; gymnastic and sporting articles not included in other classes; decorations for Christmas trees.


Meat, fish, poultry and game; meat extracts; preserved, frozen, dried and cooked fruits and vegetables; jellies, jams, compotes; eggs, milk and milk products; edible oils and fats.


Coffee, tea, cocoa, sugar, rice, tapioca, sago, artificial coffee; flour and preparations made from cereals, bread, pastry and confectionery, ices; honey, treacle; yeast, baking-powder; salt, mustard; vinegar, sauces (condiments); spices; ice.


Agricultural, horticultural and forestry products and grains not included in other classes; live animals; fresh fruits and vegetables; seeds, natural plants and flowers; foodstuffs for animals, malt.


Beers; mineral and aerated waters and other non-alcoholic drinks; fruit drinks and fruit juices; syrups and other preparations for making beverages.


Alcoholic beverages (except beers).


Tobacco; smokers' articles; matches.



Class Heading


Advertising; business management; business administration; office functions.


Insurance; financial affairs; monetary affairs; real estate affairs.


Building construction; repair; installation services.




Transport; packaging and storage of goods; travel arrangement.


Treatment of materials.


Education; providing of training; entertainment; sporting and cultural activities.


Scientific and technological services and research and design relating thereto; industrial analysis and research services; design and development of computer hardware and software.


Services for providing food and drink; temporary accommodation.


Medical services; veterinary services; hygienic and beauty care for human beings or animals; agriculture, horticulture and forestry services.


Legal services; security services for the protection of property and individuals; personal and social services rendered by others to meet the needs of individuals

Our conflict policy

1.  We will decline to act where there is a conflict of interests, namely:

  • where we already act for one client and are asked to act for another client whose interests in the specific matter in question conflict or are likely to conflict with those of the first client; and/or
  • where we hold confidential information of one client and could only act in the best interests of another client by breaching our duty of confidence to that first client; and/or
  • Where we are the address for service for a patent, trade mark or design registration and we are asked to take some action adverse to those specific registered rights;
  • Save that in circumstances of urgency, where our refusal to act would cause irreparable harm to a client, we will act by doing the bare minimum required to preserve that client’s position while alternative representation is found.

2.  Unless agreed in advance with the client otherwise, we will not consider ourselves unable to act in situations of pure 'commercial conflict', including, but not limited to, situations where:

  • we are asked to act for clients who compete with each other;
  • we are asked to perform bulk searching or renewals, and do not have direct contact with, or provide substantive advice to, the ultimate client.

3.  In some circumstances, however, we are prepared to discuss restricting ourselves in circumstances envisaged by paragraph 2 above. Such restrictions will be for a finite period and must be approved by the relevant Managing Partner and agreed in writing with you. Such restrictions may be reviewed from time to time in light of changed circumstances.

4.  For all new matters, we check our records to try to identify possible conflicts. Whether a conflict exists or may arise is a matter of judgment and therefore there may be different opinions on the issue. Where a client is unsatisfied with a view we have taken on a possible conflict issue, we are happy to discuss it (within the confines of what we are permitted to disclose).